“Ir,” meaning “to go,” is one of the most common verbs in Spanish and essential for constructing sentences across various contexts in Spanish. Conjugating “ir” can be a gateway to understanding the complexities of other Spanish verb conjugations, particularly with irregular verbs.

I’m James, from Learn Spanish With James, and in this comprehensive guide, you will find a verb chart for each tense and “ir” conjugation. 

This makes it an essential cheat sheet for mastering its usage across different tenses, as the conjugation rules it follows lead to forms that look quite different from the infinitive form.

From present to past, subjunctive to conditional, you’ll learn how to conjugate “ir” and explore English translations, sample sentences, and practical insights to help you use this Spanish verb as native speakers do.

Present Tense 

PronounsPronombres
Iyovoy
youvas
he/she/it/you (formal)él, ella, ustedva
wenosotros, nosotrasvamos
you (plural)vosotros, vosotrasvais
they, you (pl. formal)ellos, ellas, ustedesvan

When We Use The Present Tense with the Spanish Verb “Ir”

In Spanish, the present tense is used to describe actions that are currently happening, habitual actions, general truths, or future plans. Yes, you can use the present tense in Spanish to discuss future plans.

For instance: “Ella siempre va al trabajo en autobús” (She always goes to work by bus), and for the first person singular: “Voy al cine esta noche” (I’m going to the cinema tonight).

Examples of the Present Tense for the Irregular Verb “Ir”

  • Yo voy a la universidad. (I go to the university.)
  • Tú vas al parque todos los días. (You go to the park every day.)
  • Él va al trabajo en bicicleta. (He goes to work by bike.)
  • Ella va a la biblioteca para estudiar. (She goes to the library to study.)
  • Nosotros vamos al cine los viernes. (We go to the movies on Fridays.)
  • Vosotros vais de vacaciones en verano. (You all go on vacation in summer.)
  • Ellos/ellas van al gimnasio para hacer ejercicio. (They go to the gym to exercise.)
  • Ustedes van a la playa este fin de semana. (You are going to the beach this weekend.)

Preterite Tense 

PronounsPronombres
Iyofui
youfuiste
he, she. it, you (formal)él, ella, ustedfue
wenosotros, nosotrasfuimos
you (plural)vosotros, vosotrasfuisteis
they, you (pl. formal)ellos, ellas, ustedesfueron

When We Use The Preterite Tense

This past tense in Spanish is used to describe completed actions in the past with a specific beginning and end. In English, we say “went”.

The Spanish verb “ir” in this tense is used for singular or plural subjects to narrate actions like trips or movements that occurred at a defined point in time. Be careful not to mix the preterite tense with the imperfect tense (which we’ll come on to shortly).

Some examples of “ir” in the preterite tense can be found as follows: “Ayer, fui al cine” (I went to the cinema yesterday) or “Ella fue a España el verano pasado” (She went to Spain last summer).

Examples of the Preterite Tense

  • Yo fui al concierto anoche. (I went to the concert last night.)
  • Tú fuiste al supermercado esta mañana. (You went to the supermarket this morning.)
  • Él fue al gimnasio después del trabajo. (He went to the gym after work.)
  • Ella fue a la playa el fin de semana pasado. (She went to the beach last weekend.)
  • Nosotros fuimos al parque de diversiones el mes pasado. (We went to the amusement park last month.)
  • Vosotros fuisteis al restaurante nuevo la semana pasada. (You all went to the new restaurant last week.)
  • Ellos/ellas fueron al partido de fútbol el sábado. (They went to the soccer match on Saturday.)
  • Ustedes fueron al concierto de música clásica anoche. (You went to the classical music concert last night.)

Imperfect Tense

PronounsPronombres
Iyoiba
youibas
he, she, it, you (formal)él, ella, usted iba
wenosotros, nosotrasíbamos
you (plural)vosotros, vosotrasibais
they, you(pl. formal)ellos, ellas, ustedesiban

When We Use the Spanish Verb “Ir” in The Imperfect Tense

The imperfect tense in Spanish is used to describe ongoing or repeated actions in the past, without specifying their beginning or end. This makes it different from the preterite tense.

It’s used with this irregular verb to narrate background information, habitual actions, or states of being in the past. For instance: “Íbamos al parque todos los domingos” (We used to go to the park every Sunday).

Examples of the “Ir” Conjugation for the Imperfect Tense

  • Yo iba al parque todos los días. (I used to go to the park every day.)
  • Tú ibas a la escuela en autobús. (You used to go to school by bus.)
  • Él/ella iba al trabajo en coche. (He used to go to work by car.)
  • Nosotros íbamos de vacaciones cada verano. (We used to go on vacation every summer.)
  • Vosotros ibais al cine los fines de semana. (You all used to go to the movies on weekends.)
  • Ellos/ellas iban al campo los domingos. (They used to go to the countryside on Sundays.)
  • Ustedes iban a la iglesia todos los domingos. (You used to go to church every Sunday.)

Future Tense

PronounsPronombres
Iyoiré
youirás
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedirá
wenosotros,nosotrasiremos
you pl.vosotros, vosotrasiréis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedesirán

When We Use The Future Tense

The future tense in Spanish expresses actions that will happen in the future. It’s employed to convey plans, intentions, predictions, or assumptions about future events.

In English, we use “will”. For instance: “Mañana iré al cine” (I am going to go to the cinema tomorrow). 

It’s easy to form the future tense. Take a look at the table and notice the endings added to the infinitive.

Examples of the Future Tense

  • Yo iré de vacaciones el próximo verano. (I will go on vacation next summer.)
  • Tú irás a visitar a tus abuelos este fin de semana. (You will go visit your grandparents this weekend.)
  • Él/ella irá al concierto de su banda favorita la próxima semana. (He will go to his favorite band’s concert next week.)
  • Nosotros iremos al parque de diversiones en nuestras vacaciones. (We will go to the amusement park on our vacation.)
  • Vosotros iréis al museo de arte el próximo mes. (You all will go to the art museum next month.)
  • Ellos/ellas irán a la boda de su primo en primavera. (They will go to their cousin’s wedding in spring.)
  • Ustedes irán de excursión a la montaña el próximo sábado. (You will go hiking in the mountains next Saturday.)

Conditional Tense

PronounsPronombres
Iyoiría
youirías
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustediría
wenosotros,nosotrasiríamos
you pl.vosotros, vosotrasiríais
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedesirían

When We Use The Conditional Tense

The conditional tense in Spanish is used to express actions that would happen under certain conditions or circumstances. It’s utilized to convey polite requests, hypothetical situations, or future actions dependent on a condition being met.

In English, we say “would”. For instance: “Él iría al concierto si consiguiera boletos” (He would go to the concert if he could get tickets).

Examples of the Conditional Tense with the Spanish Verb “Ir”

  • Yo iría al concierto si tuviera entradas. (I would go to the concert if I had tickets.)
  • Tú irías de viaje si tuvieras tiempo libre. (You would go on a trip if you had free time.)
  • Él/ella iría al cine contigo si no estuviera ocupado. (He would go to the movies with you if he weren’t busy.)
  • Nosotros iríamos a la playa si hiciera buen tiempo. (We would go to the beach if the weather were nice.)
  • Vosotros iríais al parque de atracciones si estuviera abierto. (You all would go to the amusement park if it were open.)
  • Ellos/ellas irían al restaurante nuevo si les recomendaras. (They would go to the new restaurant if you recommended it.)
  • Ustedes irían al concierto si fuera en su ciudad. (You would go to the concert if it were in your city.)

Preterite Perfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
Iyoheido
youhasido
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhaido
wenosotros,nosotrashemosido
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabéisido
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshanido

When We Use The Preterite Perfect Tense

The preterite perfect tense in Spanish is used to express actions that have been completed in the recent past or actions that have relevance to the present moment.

The literal translation is “have done something”. This tense is formed with the auxiliary verb “haber” (to have) conjugated in the present tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb.

For “ir,” it would be “he ido,” “has ido,” “ha ido,” etc. It’s employed to describe actions like recent trips, visits, or experiences that have occurred within a timeframe close to the present.

Let’s take a look at some examples of the Preterite Perfect tense below.

Examples of the Preterite Perfect

  • Yo he ido al mercado esta mañana. (I have gone to the market this morning.)
  • Tú has ido a la playa este verano. (You have gone to the beach this summer.)
  • Él/ella ha ido al concierto de su banda favorita recientemente. (He has gone to his favorite band’s concert recently.)
  • Nosotros hemos ido de excursión a la montaña este año. (We have gone hiking in the mountains this year.)
  • Vosotros habéis ido al parque de diversiones el fin de semana pasado. (You all have gone to the amusement park last weekend.)
  • Ellos/ellas han ido a la fiesta de cumpleaños de su amigo. (They have gone to their friend’s birthday party.)
  • Ustedes han ido al concierto de música clásica en el teatro. (You have gone to the classical music concert at the theater.)

Pluperfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
Iyohabíaido
youhabíasido
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhabíaido
wenosotros,nosotrashabíamosido
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabíaisido
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshabíanido

When We Use The Pluperfect Tense

The pluperfect tense in Spanish expresses actions that had been completed before another past action or event. Just like the Preterite Perfect tense, the Pluperfect is formed with the auxiliary verb “haber” (to have), followed by the past participle of the main verb.

It’s employed to describe actions that had occurred before a specific point in the past, often used in storytelling or to convey background information.

Sound complex? It’s very simple. Just take note of the changes to “haber”.

Examples of the Pluperfect 

  • Yo había ido a la tienda antes de que empezara a llover. (I had gone to the store before it started raining.)
  • Tú habías ido al médico antes de que los síntomas empeoraran. (You had gone to the doctor before the symptoms worsened.)
  • Él/ella había ido a la universidad antes de conseguir su primer trabajo. (He had gone to college before getting his first job.)
  • Nosotros habíamos ido de viaje antes de que cerraran las fronteras. (We had gone on a trip before the borders closed.)
  • Vosotros habíais ido al concierto antes de que empezara la pandemia. (You all had gone to the concert before the pandemic started.)
  • Ellos/ellas habían ido a la playa antes de que se pusiera el sol. (They had gone to the beach before the sun set.)
  • Ustedes habían ido al restaurante antes de que cambiaran el menú. (You had gone to the restaurant before they changed the menu.)

Future Perfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
Iyohabréido
youhabrásido
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhabráido
wenosotros,nosotrashabremosido
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabréisido
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshabránido

When We Use The Future Perfect Tense

In Spanish, the future perfect tense is used to express actions that will have been completed by a certain point in the future.

Again, it’s formed with the future form of the verb “haber”, followed by the past participle of the main verb. 

We use this tense to talk about actions that will be finished before a specific future event or time reference.

Examples of the Future Perfect 

  • Yo habré ido de vacaciones a Europa tres veces el próximo año. (I will have gone on vacation to Europe three times by next year.)
  • Tú habrás ido al concierto de tu banda favorita varias veces para finales de este mes. (You will have gone to your favorite band’s concert several times by the end of this month.)
  • Él habrá ido a Japón dos veces cuando termine sus estudios. (He will have gone to Japan twice by the time he finishes his studies.)
  • Ella habrá ido a visitar a su familia en el extranjero muchas veces para su próximo cumpleaños. (She will have gone to visit her family abroad many times by her next birthday.)
  • Nosotros habremos ido a ese restaurante famoso cinco veces para el próximo aniversario de nuestra boda. (We will have gone to that famous restaurant five times by our next wedding anniversary.)
  • Vosotros habréis ido al parque de diversiones al menos diez veces para el próximo verano. (You all will have gone to the amusement park at least ten times by next summer.)
  • Ellos habrán ido a la playa veinte veces si siguen viviendo en la costa. (They will have gone to the beach twenty times if they keep living on the coast.)
  • Ustedes habrán ido al teatro del pueblo más de cincuenta veces para el próximo festival. (You will have gone to the town theater more than fifty times by the next festival.)

Conditional Perfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
Iyohabríaido
youhabríasido
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhabríaido
wenosotros,nosotrashabríamosido
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabríaisido
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshabríanido

When We Use The Conditional Perfect Tense

The conditional perfect tense in Spanish expresses actions that would have been completed in the past under certain conditions.

Just like previous examples, it’s formed with the conditional tense of the verb “haber” (to have), followed by the past participle of the main verb. 

We use this tense to talk about actions that would have happened before a certain past event if certain conditions had been met.

You have already learned the conditional tense. Now, all you need to do is add these endings to the verb “haber”, and note that the past participle of “ir” stays the same.

Examples of the Conditional Perfect

  • Yo habría ido de viaje por Europa si hubiera tenido más tiempo. (I would have gone on a trip to Europe if I had had more time.)
  • Tú habrías ido a estudiar al extranjero si hubieras obtenido la beca. (You would have gone to study abroad if you had received the scholarship.)
  • Él habría ido a la fiesta si hubiera estado en la ciudad. (He would have gone to the party if he had been in town.)
  • Ella habría ido al concierto si hubiera conseguido entradas. (She would have gone to the concert if she had gotten tickets.)
  • Nosotros habríamos ido a vivir al campo si hubiéramos encontrado una casa allí. (We would have gone to live in the countryside if we had found a house there.)
  • Vosotros habríais ido a la playa si hubiera hecho buen tiempo. (You all would have gone to the beach if the weather had been good.)
  • Ellos/ellas habrían ido a trabajar si hubieran tenido el transporte adecuado. (They would have gone to work if they had had the proper transportation.)
  • Ustedes habrían ido al evento si hubieran recibido la invitación a tiempo. (You would have gone to the event if you had received the invitation on time.)

Present Subjunctive

PronounsPronombres
Iyovaya
youvayas
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedvaya
wenosotros,nosotrasvayamos
you pl.vosotros, vosotrasvayáis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedesvayan

When We Use The Present Subjunctive

The present subjunctive tense in Spanish is used in dependent clauses to express wishes, desires, doubts, possibilities, or uncertainties regarding future actions or events.

It’s often introduced by conjunctions such as “que” (that), “para que” (so that), “a menos que” (unless), and “sin que” (without), among others. 

Don’t take the above as gospel, though, as there are exceptions to the rule. Many of my students have developed a habit of using the subjunctive after using “que”, and this is definitely not always correct. 

Read the first sentence of this section again. Remember, the present subjunctive is triggered, it’s not automatic. Some examples below should clarify when to use the present subjunctive of “ir”.

Examples of the Present Subjunctive

  • Es necesario que yo vaya al médico. (It’s necessary that I go to the doctor.)
  • Quiero que tú vayas conmigo. (I want you to come with me.)
  • Es importante que él/ella vaya a la reunión. (It’s important that he goes to the meeting.)
  • Deseamos que nosotros vayamos de vacaciones juntos. (We wish that we go on vacation together.)
  • Prefiero que vosotros vayáis al cine en lugar de quedarse en casa. (I prefer that you all go to the movies instead of staying home.)
  • Es bueno que ellos vayan al parque a jugar. (It’s good that they go to the park to play.)
  • Quiero que ustedes vayan a la conferencia conmigo. (I want you to go to the conference with me.)

Imperfect Subjunctive

PronounsPronombres
Iyofuera, fuese
youfueras, fueses
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedfuera, fuese
wenosotros,nosotrasfuéramos, fuésemos
you pl.vosotros, vosotrasfuerais, fueseis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedesfueran, fuesen

When We Use The Imperfect Subjunctive

Just like the present subjunctive, the imperfect subjunctive tense in Spanish is used in dependent clauses to express hypothetical situations, wishes, desires, doubts, or polite requests in the past.

It’s often introduced by phrases such as “si” (if), “aunque” (although), “querer que” (to want that), or “ojalá que” (I hope that).

For example, “Quería que él fuera conmigo al concierto” (I wanted him to go with me to the concert).

Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive

  • Quería que yo fuera más diligente en el trabajo. (I wanted me to be more diligent at work.)
  • Te sugerí que tú fueras más amable con tus compañeros. (I suggested you be kinder to your colleagues.)
  • Era importante que él fuera honesto en su declaración. (It was important that he be honest in his statement.)
  • Deseaba que ella fuera más abierta sobre sus sentimientos. (I wished she were more open about her feelings.)
  • Pedíamos que nosotros fuéramos tratados con respeto en la reunión. (We asked that we be treated with respect in the meeting.)
  • Preferías que vosotros fuerais más participativos en clase. (You preferred that you all be more participative in class.)
  • Querían que ellos fueran más responsables en sus tareas. (They wanted them to be more responsible in their tasks.)
  • Era necesario que ustedes fueran más organizados en el proyecto. (It was necessary that you be more organized in the project.)

Preterite Perfect Subjunctive

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
Iyohubiera,hubieseido
youhubieras,hubiesesido
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhubiera,hubieseido
wenosotros,nosotrashubiéramos,hubiésemosido
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashubierais,hubieseisido
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshubieran,hubiesenido

When We Use The Preterite Perfect Subjunctive

The preterite perfect subjunctive tense in Spanish is used in dependent clauses to express actions that would have been completed before another past action or event. 

It’s formed with “haber” (to have) conjugated in the past subjunctive tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb.

For “ir,” it would be “hubiera/hubiese ido,” “hubieras/hubieses ido,” “hubiera/hubiese ido,” etc. It’s employed when expressing hypothetical scenarios or wishes regarding past actions that were already completed before another past event.

Examples of the Preterite Perfect Subjunctive

  • Ojalá que yo hubiera ido a la conferencia contigo. (I wish I had gone to the conference with you.)
  • Si tan solo tú hubieras ido a la entrevista de trabajo. (If only you had gone to the job interview.)
  • Habría sido genial si él/ella hubiera ido al concierto ayer. (It would have been great if he had gone to the concert yesterday.)
  • Me habría gustado si ella hubiera ido al viaje con nosotros. (I would have liked it if she had gone on the trip with us.)
  • Si ustedes hubieran ido al evento, habrían conocido a muchas personas interesantes. (If you had gone to the event, you would have met many interesting people.)
  • Nos habría encantado si vosotros hubierais ido al ensayo. (We would have loved it if you all had gone to the rehearsal.)
  • Si ellos hubieran ido al ensayo, habrían mejorado su actuación. (If they had gone to the rehearsal, they would have improved their performance.)

Affirmative Imperative

PronounsPronombres
you¡ve!
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,usted¡vaya!
wenosotros,nosotras¡vayamos, vamos!
you pl.vosotros, vosotras¡id!
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedes¡vayan!

When We Use The Affirmative Imperative

The affirmative imperative “ir” conjugation is used to give direct commands or instructions to someone, instructing them to go to a specific place or location. It’s formed by using the verb “ir” in the imperative mood without the pronoun “tú” (you).

For example, “Ve al mercado” (Go to the market), “Id al parque” (Go to the park). 

This form is commonly used to provide clear and direct guidance or directives, especially in informal contexts or when addressing someone familiarly or in a group.

Examples of Ir in the Affirmative Imperative

  • Ve al supermercado y compra pan. (Go to the supermarket and buy bread.) – addressed to a singular person informally (tú)
  • ¡Vayamos juntos! (Let’s go together!) – addressed to a group of people (nosotros)
  • Vayan al cine y compren las entradas. (Go to the cinema and buy the tickets.) – addressed to a group of people formally (ustedes)
  • Id a la biblioteca y devolved los libros prestados. (Go to the library and return the borrowed books.) – addressed to a group of people informally (vosotros/as)

Negative Imperative

PronounsPronombres
you¡no vayas!
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,usted¡no vaya!
wenosotros,nosotras¡no vayamos!
you pl.vosotros, vosotras¡no vayáis!
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedes¡no vayan!

When We Use The Negative Imperative

The negative imperative “ir” conjugation is used to give commands or instructions not to go to a specific place or location.

Spanish is easy when it comes to negatives. All you need to do is use the word “no” before the imperative form of the verb “ir.” For example, “No vayas al parque” (Don’t go to the park).

Examples of Ir in the Negative Imperative

  • No vayas al parque sin avisar. (Don’t go to the park without letting us know.) – “Tú” (you, informal singular)
  • No vayan al cine hoy, está cerrado. (Don’t go to the cinema today, it’s closed.) – “Ustedes” (you all, formal plural)

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About James – Or Should that be Santiago?

My name is James. I am a Brit with a love for the Spanish language. I have lived in Spain, Argentina, and Costa Rica, and I have been teaching Spanish for over a decade. This site will show you how to master the elements of Spanish grammar that often dishearten learners. I hope you enjoy the site and find it useful.

If you are interested in taking your Spanish to the next level, check out the Courses section for a full list of the Spanish courses I suggest. All reviews are based on my personal opinions.