Hacer Conjugation Chart & Full Tense Guide

As an irregular verb, the Spanish verb “hacer” presents unique challenges for learners. But it’s also one of the most versatile and common verbs in the Spanish language. So, learning how to conjugate “hacer” is essential for everyday interactions with native speakers.

This article serves as your definitive resource, offering a detailed chart for each of the various ”hacer” conjugations, from the present indicative to compound tenses.

I’m James, from Learn Spanish With James. Whether you’re a beginner navigating Spanish verb conjugations or seeking to deepen your understanding of Spanish irregular verbs, this guide offers an easy introduction to the usage of this Spanish verb in various contexts.

Get FREE Access to This Award Winning Spanish Course

Present Tense 

he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhace
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashacéis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshacen

When We Use The Present Tense

The present tense of the verb “hacer” in Spanish is used to describe actions that are happening now or habitual actions. It can also express general truths or facts.

For example: “Yo hago mi tarea todos los días.” (I do my homework every day.) or “Estos son cosas que cualquier hombre puede hacer .” (These are things that any man can do).

This verb is also used to form some common expressions such as ”hace frío” (it’s cold – literally ”it makes cold”). It’s a great verb to learn so that you can talk about and understand sentences about the weather.

I have provided some examples of “hacer” in the present tense below.

Examples of the Present Tense

  1. Yo hago mi tarea todos los días. (I do my homework every day.)
  2. Tú haces ejercicio en el gimnasio. (You exercise at the gym.)
  3. Él hace ruido por la mañana. (He makes noise in the morning.)
  4. Nosotros hacemos la limpieza los sábados. (We clean on Saturdays.)
  5. Vosotros hacéis un gran trabajo. (You all do a great job.)
  6. Ellos/ellas hacen ruido cuando juegan. (They make noise when they play.)
  7. Ustedes hacen una buena labor en la comunidad. (You all do good work in the community.)

Preterite Tense 

he, she. it, you (formal)él, ella, ustedhizo
wenosotros, nosotrashicimos
you (plural)vosotros, vosotrashicisteis
they, you (pl. formal)ellos, ellas, ustedeshicieron

When We Use The Preterite Tense

The preterite tense of the verb “hacer” in Spanish is used to describe actions that were completed in the past with a defined endpoint. Remember this last detail as it’s important. There is a defined end point, so the action was not ongoing.

This Spanish verb conjugation often indicates actions that occurred at a specific moment in time or a certain number of times.

For example, in the first person singular ”hacer” changes to: “Yo hice mi tarea ayer.” (I did my homework yesterday.)

This particular conjugation is an example of what makes “hacer” an irregular verb. 

Examples of the Preterite Tense

  1. Yo hice la cena anoche. (I made dinner last night.)
  2. Tú hiciste tu cama esta mañana. (You made your bed this morning.)
  3. Él/ella hizo su tarea ayer. (He did his homework yesterday.)
  4. Nosotros hicimos un viaje el fin de semana pasado. (We took a trip last weekend.)
  5. Vosotros hicisteis un gran esfuerzo en el proyecto. (You all made a great effort on the project.)
  6. Ellos/ellas hicieron un picnic en el parque el domingo. (They had a picnic in the park on Sunday.)

Imperfect Tense

he, she, it, you (formal)él, ella, usted hacía
wenosotros, nosotrashacíamos
you (plural)vosotros, vosotrashacíais
they, you(pl. formal)ellos, ellas, ustedeshacían

When We Use The Imperfect Tense

The imperfect tense is used to describe past actions that were ongoing, habitual, or repeated in the past.

It sets the scene or provides background information in narratives, often describing actions that had no specific beginning or end. 

For “hacer,” it can describe actions like “doing,” “making,” or “creating” in the past.

Examples of the Imperfect Tense “Hacer” Conjugation

  1. Yo hacía mi tarea todas las tardes.” (I used to do my homework every afternoon.)
  2. Tú hacías ejercicio en el parque todos los días.” (You used to exercise in the park every day.)
  3. Él hacía café todas las mañanas.” (He used to make coffee every morning.)
  4. Nosotros hacíamos una fiesta cada año.” (We used to have a party every year.)
  5. Ustedes hacían un viaje a la playa cada verano.” (You all used to take a trip to the beach every summer.)
  6. Ellos/ellas hacían ruido cuando jugaban.” (They used to make noise when they played.)

Future Tense 

he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhará
you pl.vosotros, vosotrasharéis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedesharán

When We Use The Future Tense

The future tense is used to express actions that will occur in the future. The translation is “will”.

It indicates events or actions that have not yet happened but are anticipated to take place.

An example would be “Haremos una fiesta el próximo sábado” (We will have a party next Saturday)

This tense is used to discuss future plans, intentions, or predictions, offering a straightforward way to express upcoming events or actions.

Again, I’ve provided some examples of “hacer” in the future tense below.

Examples of “Hacer” in the Future Tense

  1. Yo haré la tarea más tarde. (I will do the homework later.)
  2. Tú harás ejercicio en el gimnasio mañana. (You will exercise at the gym tomorrow.)
  3. Él/ ella hará café por la mañana. (He will make coffee in the morning.)
  4. Nosotros haremos una fiesta el próximo fin de semana. (We will have a party next weekend.)
  5. Vosotros haréis un viaje a la playa este verano. (You all will take a trip to the beach this summer.)
  6. Ellos/ellas harán un gran esfuerzo para terminar el proyecto. (They will make a great effort to finish the project.)

Conditional Tense 

he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedharía
you pl.vosotros, vosotrasharíais
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedesharían

When We Use The Conditional Tense

We use the conditional tense to express actions that would occur under certain conditions or circumstances. The key word here is “would”.

It often indicates hypothetical or speculative situations, expressing what someone would do or what would happen if certain conditions were met.

So, the future tense is “will” and the conditional tense is “would”. Try to remember these differences if you can. 

Examples of “Hacer” in the Conditional Tense

  1. Yo haría mi tarea si tuviera más tiempo. (I would do my homework if I had more time.)
  2. Tú harías ejercicio si tuvieras más energía. (You would exercise if you had more energy.)
  3. Él haría café si tuviera una cafetera. (He would make coffee if he had a coffee maker.)
  4. Nosotros haríamos una fiesta si tuviéramos más invitados. (We would have a party if we had more guests.)
  5. Ellos/ellas harían un gran esfuerzo si el proyecto fuera más importante. (They would make a great effort if the project were more significant.)
  6. Ustedes harían un viaje a la playa si el clima fuera mejor. (You all would take a trip to the beach if the weather were better.)
Get FREE Access to This Award Winning Spanish Course

Pluperfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhabíahecho
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabíaishecho
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshabíanhecho

When We Use The Pluperfect Tense

The pluperfect perfect tense in Spanish is used to express actions that had occurred before another past action. It denotes completed actions that happened further in the past relative to another past event.

When conjugating “hacer” in the perfect and pluperfect tenses, the past participle becomes “hecho”.

For instance, “Ya había hecho mi tarea cuando llegaste” (I had already done my homework when you arrived). This indicates an action completed before another past event.

Examples of “Hacer” in the Pluperfect 

  1. Yo había hecho mi tarea antes de que llegaras. (I had done my homework before you arrived.)
  2. Tú habías hecho ejercicio cuando te llamé. (You had exercised when I called you.)
  3. Él/ella había hecho café antes de que empezara la reunión. (He had made coffee before the meeting started.)
  4. Nosotros habíamos hecho una fiesta antes de que empezara la lluvia. (We had had a party before the rain started.)
  5. Vosotros habíais hecho un gran esfuerzo antes de que nos dijeran la noticia. (You all had made a great effort before they told us the news.)
  6. Ellos/ellas habían hecho los preparativos antes de que comenzara el viaje. (They had made the preparations before the trip began.)
  7. Ustedes habían hecho las reservaciones antes de que llegáramos al hotel. (You all had made the reservations before we arrived at the hotel.)

Future Perfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhabráhecho
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabréishecho
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshabránhecho

When We Use The Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect tense in Spanish expresses actions that will have been completed by a certain point in the future. 

It indicates that an action will be finished before another action or time in the future.

For instance, “Antes de las cinco, ya habré hecho mi tarea” (By five o’clock, I will have done my homework).

Some examples of “hacer” in the future perfect tense are below.

Examples of “Hacer” in the Future Perfect 

  1. Yo habré hecho mi tarea para las seis de la tarde. (I will have done my homework by six in the evening.)
  2. Tú habrás hecho ejercicio antes de la cena. (You will have exercised before dinner.)
  3. Él habrá hecho café para cuando lleguemos. (He will have made coffee by the time we arrive.)
  4. Nosotros habremos hecho los preparativos antes de la fiesta. (We will have made the preparations before the party.)
  5. Vosotros habréis hecho un gran esfuerzo cuando terminen el proyecto. (You all will have made a great effort when you finish the project.)
  6. Ellos habrán hecho las maletas antes de partir. (They will have packed their bags before leaving.)
  7. Ustedes habrán hecho las compras antes de la cena. (You all will have done the shopping before dinner.)

Conditional Perfect Tense

PronounsPronombresAuxiliary verb ‘haber’
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhabríahecho
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashabríaishecho
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshabríanhecho

When We Use The Conditional Perfect Tense

The conditional perfect tense in Spanish is used to express actions that would have been completed under certain conditions in the past. 

It indicates hypothetical or speculative actions that would have occurred before another past event.

For example, “Yo habría hecho mi tarea si hubiera tenido más tiempo” (I would have done my homework if I had had more time).

Check out these examples below for further clarity.

Examples of the Conditional Perfect “Hacer” Conjugation

  1. Yo habría hecho mi tarea si hubiera tenido más tiempo. (I would have done my homework if I had had more time.)
  2. Tú habrías hecho ejercicio si no estuvieras enfermo. (You would have exercised if you weren’t sick.)
  3. Él habría hecho café si hubiera encontrado los granos. (He would have made coffee if he had found the beans.)
  4. Nosotros habríamos hecho una fiesta si hubiéramos tenido invitados. (We would have had a party if we had had guests.)
  5. Vosotros habríais hecho un gran esfuerzo si hubierais sabido la importancia. (You all would have made a great effort if you had known the importance.)
  6. Ellos habrían hecho los preparativos si hubieran tenido más tiempo. (They would have made the preparations if they had had more time.)
  7. Ustedes habrían hecho las reservaciones si hubieran tenido el dinero. (You all would have made the reservations if you had had the money.)

Present Subjunctive

he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhaga
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashagáis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshagan

When We Use The Present Subjunctive

If you’ve read my verb conjugation guides, you’ll be familiar with the Spanish subjunctive. 

We use the present subjunctive tense in Spanish to express desires, doubts, wishes, recommendations, or emotions regarding actions that may or may not occur.

In the case of the Spanish verb “hacer,” we use this tense when the action of “doing” or “making” is in a subordinate clause and depends on another verb expressing influence, desire, or uncertainty.

For example, “Espero que él haga su tarea” (I hope he does his homework).

Don’t worry if this sounds confusing. I have provided some example sentences below which should provide some clarity.

Examples of the Present Subjunctive “Hacer” Conjugation

  1. Es importante que yo haga mi tarea. (It’s important that I do my homework.)
  2. Quiero que tú hagas ejercicio todos los días. (I want you to exercise every day.)
  3. Espero que él haga café por la mañana. (I hope he makes coffee in the morning.)
  4. Es necesario que nosotros hagamos una fiesta para celebrar. (It’s necessary for us to have a party to celebrate.)
  5. Sugiero que vosotros hagáis un plan antes de salir. (I suggest that you all make a plan before leaving.)
  6. Dudo que ellos hagan los preparativos a tiempo. (I doubt they will make the preparations on time.)
  7. Prefiero que ustedes hagan las reservaciones con anticipación. (I prefer that you all make the reservations in advance.)

Imperfect Subjunctive

Iyohiciera, hiciese
youhicieras, hicieses
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,ustedhiciera, hiciese
wenosotros,nosotrashiciéramos, hiciésemos
you pl.vosotros, vosotrashicierais, hicieseis
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedeshicieran, hiciesen

When We Use The Imperfect Subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive is one of the most complex conjugations you can learn, and it’s a great way to boost your exam scores, especially if you are taking GCSE or equivalent exams. 

This mood in Spanish is used to express hypothetical or unreal situations in the past, often in subordinate clauses following expressions of doubt, desire, or emotion. For “hacer,” it indicates actions that might have been done or made in the past, but didn’t happen.

The imperfect subjunctive is commonly used in conditional sentences or to convey wishes, uncertainty, or polite requests. For instance, “Si yo hiciera más ejercicio, estaría más saludable” (If I did more exercise, I would be healthier).

The example above shows the imperfect subjunctive followed by the conditional tense. Learn this if you can; it’s high level sentence structure.

Examples of the Imperfect Subjunctive “Hacer” Conjugation

  1. Si yo hiciera más ejercicio, estaría más saludable. (If I did more exercise, I would be healthier.)
  2. Si tú hicieras más ejercicio, estarías más saludable. (If you did more exercise, you would be healthier.)
  3. Ella deseaba que él hiciera café por la mañana. (She wished that he made coffee in the morning.)
  4. Si nosotros hiciéramos una fiesta, invitaríamos a todos nuestros amigos. (If we had a party, we would invite all our friends.)
  5. Era importante que vosotros hicierais un plan antes de viajar. (It was important that you all made a plan before traveling.)
  6. Si ellos hicieran los preparativos a tiempo, todo saldría bien. (If they made the preparations on time, everything would go well.)
  7. Prefería que ustedes hicieran las reservaciones con anticipación. (I preferred that you all made the reservations in advance.)

Affirmative Imperative 

he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,usted¡haga!
you pl.vosotros, vosotras¡haced!
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedes¡hagan!

When We Use The Affirmative Imperative

The affirmative imperative form of “hacer” in Spanish is used to give commands or instructions in a positive manner, directing someone to perform an action. It’s employed when the speaker wants to encourage or command someone to do something. 

For instance, “Haz tu tarea” (Do your homework) instructs someone to complete a specific task.

The key thing to learn here is that “hacer” in the affirmative imperative becomes “haz” when you’re talking to an individual.

Examples of “Hacer” in The Affirmative Imperative

  1. Haz tu cama antes de salir. (You, make your bed before leaving.)
  2. Haced silencio durante la clase. (You all, be quiet during the class.)
  3. Hagan una lista de compras para el supermercado. (You all, make a shopping list for the supermarket.)
  4. Hagamos una pausa para descansar un poco. (Let’s take a break to rest a little.)

Negative Imperative

you¡no hagas!
he,she,it, you(formal)él,ella,usted¡no haga!
wenosotros,nosotras¡no hagamos!
you pl.vosotros, vosotras¡no hagáis!
they, you pl. (formal)ellos,ellas,ustedes¡no hagan!

When We Use The Negative Imperative

The negative imperative form of “hacer” in Spanish is used to give commands or instructions in a negative manner, directing someone not to perform an action.

For instance, “No hagas ruido” (Don’t make noise).

All you need to do is put “no” before the phrase to make it negative. Simple, right? 

Examples of “Hacer” in The Negative Imperative

  • No hagas ruido durante la película. (Don’t make noise during the movie.)
  • No hagan trampa en el examen. (Don’t cheat on the test.)
  • No hagamos caso a los rumores. (Let’s not pay attention to rumors.)
  • No hagáis ruido al salir de la sala. (Don’t make noise when leaving the room.)

Online Spanish Courses & Grammar Courses

For a full list of Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced Courses, check out this full list of online Spanish courses

I put this list together myself, and it comprises a mixture of courses that offer Spanish grammar practice for all levels, conversational practice, listening and writing exercises in Spanish, free Spanish courses, and a whole lot more. 

The fastest way to learn Spanish is to test a mixture of Spanish resources and choose the course that coincides most with your learning style. 

In addition to online Spanish courses, on this site you will find a wide range of Spanish podcasts, Spanish apps, Spanish YouTube channels, and both online and physical Spanish language schools.

Get FREE Access to This Award Winning Spanish Course
Man smiling for portrait in blue jumper

About James – Or Should that be Santiago?

My name is James. I am a Brit with a love for the Spanish language. I have lived in Spain, Argentina, and Costa Rica, and I have been teaching Spanish for over a decade. This site will show you how to master the elements of Spanish grammar that often dishearten learners. I hope you enjoy the site and find it useful.

If you are interested in taking your Spanish to the next level, check out the Courses section for a full list of the Spanish courses I suggest. All reviews are based on my personal opinions.